Some people think that ‘summative assessment’ means to take tests. They should know that it is broader than taking tests. We can divide the assessment into two parts.
These two parts are formative assessment and summative assessment. We can refer them to assessment for learning and assessment of learning. In some cases, we have to use these two methods to assess the students in the classrooms.
If we have to use one of them, we have to think about their contributions in the classrooms. Moreover, we have to use the best practices to maximize the results of these assessment techniques.
What Is Summative Assessment?
Summative assessment is a method of measuring the performance of the students. By using this method, we can easily measure the understanding of a student.
While measuring it, we have to use standardized criteria. The main aim of summative assessment is to measure the comprehension of the students relevant to a specific unit of work.
After measuring the performance of the students, we have to assign grades. By using this assessment method, we have to set clear expectations.
To provide the best opportunities to the students for success, we have to provide timelines. Before assessing the students, teachers have to provide assessment criteria or rubrics to the students.
The teachers have to provide significant results of the assessment. Based on these results, one can easily get an idea of whether a student has passed a specific class or not.
Guidelines For Summative Assessment
With the help of summative assessment, we have to drive practice in the schools. If you want to practice it in the schools, you will have to use knowledge and pedagogical innovation.
Here, we will discuss the top guidelines for summative assessment.
1. Validity and Reliability
The validity of summative assessment means that we should know what we want to measure. Reliability of summative assessment means that to get results that are consistent and accurate.
By using the validity and reliability of summative assessment, we can make it credible and relevant. If we are measuring the required things by using the assessment technique, it means that it is effective. Anyhow, it can or can’t be reliable and valid.
If you are measuring something relevant to our goals, we consider it a credible assessment technique. Along with making it effective, we should try to make it relevant too.
2. Practical and Scalable
Recommended by a dissertation help firm, we have to check the sense of this assessment technique. If we want to make it practical, it should be feasible to implement.
When you will spend enough time designing summative assessment techniques, you can make them useful.
If we are using this assessment technique informal education system, we have to assess a large number of students.
After making this assessment practical, we can make it more scalable. When we make it integral in our education system, we can use it for the learning process. Anyhow, we may have to face some problems using it for additional discrete activities.
3. Formative and Positive
No doubt, we are discussing summative assessment. Anyhow, we should still use it for future learning. If you want to get the best results from this assessment technique, you will have to use it to serve the formative purpose.
We can also use criticism to enhance learning. It is useful only if we are using it for a constructive purpose.
We should also use summative assessment for constructive purposes. Here, we have to focus on the successes of this strategy rather than its failures. If we fail to make it formative and positive, we can’t get the required results.
As a teacher, you should try to make every element of education ethical. Similarly, you should also introduce ethical behaviour in the assessment.
Anyhow, if you will try to damage one person to provide benefits to another person, this process will become unethical. Ethical assessment means that you should provide equal opportunities for success to the people.
It can open up multiple pathways of success for the people. On the other hand, if you are assessing the people covertly, you are following unethical assessment techniques. You should assess the outcomes by following a transparent method.
No doubt, we can use assessment for various purposes. Anyhow, we should use one assessment for one purpose only. For example, you can assess the achievements of the students by using an assessment technique.
Therefore, you should not use it for any other purpose. Moreover, you should not use it for the evaluation of the quality of education. On the other hand, if you are using it for various purposes, you will have to provide different study options to the students.
In some cases, this thing can create problems for the validity of the education. If it is arising some critical issues, we should use the outcomes of the summative assessment data.
6. Easily Reported
The evaluation is the key element of the summative assessment. By using it, we have to generate reports about the understanding level of the students.
We will know what students have learnt till now. We can evaluate the performance of the students in the form of a summary.
Teachers can use this summary for a comparison of their performance. They can compare it with their previous standards.
If they have external standards, they can also compare them with these standards. In some cases, they can also compare it with other learners.
Read: What Is A Sales Budget?
After completing a unit or a class, we have to assess the performance of the students. To assess the performance of the students, we use the summative assessment technique.
Written, performance, standardized and oral assessments are some important examples of summative assessment.
If you want to use this assessment technique, you will have to follow some important guidelines.
First, we should try to make it relevant and credible. It means that we should pay attention to the importance and effectiveness of things.
Secondly, we should try to make it practical and scalable.
Thirdly, we should focus on its successes by making it formative and positive.
Fourthly, we should also try to make it ethical for all the students. At last, we should try to use it for a single purpose.